Even after the construction of the original St. They even left the city altogether in when the papal court moved to Avignon, France, after King Philip IV arranged for a French cardinal to be elected pope. Seven popes, all French, ruled from Avignon, and the papacy did not return to Rome until , by which time the Lateran Palace had burned and the Vatican started to be used as a papal residence. Much repair work needed to be done, however, because the Vatican had fallen into such disrepair that wolves dug for bodies in the cemetery and cows even wandered the basilica.
Members of the Swiss Guard in Vatican City. The Swiss Guard was hired as a mercenary force.
107 Amazing And Interesting Facts About Jesus Christ (ULTIMATE LIST)
The Swiss Guard, recognizable by its armor and colorful Renaissance-era uniforms, has been protecting the pontiff since And, yes, the force is entirely comprised of Swiss citizens. It served as an escape route for popes, most notably in when it likely saved the life of Pope Clement VII during the sack of Rome. As of , the number of people with Vatican citizenship totaled That number included 71 cardinals, members of the Swiss Guard, 51 members of the clergy and one nun inside the Vatican walls.
The largest group of citizens, however, was the members of the clergy in diplomatic positions around the world. With Benedict XVI residing as a pope emeritus in the Vatican, the population will increase by one when a new pope is named. The Vatican Observatory owns a telescope in Arizona. A decade after the first missionaries arrived, the gospel tore across the islands in the s. Today in Christian History. Denominational Founders. Menno Simons. Richard Allen.
Curiosities of Christian history prior to the Reformation | National Library of Australia
Irenaeus of Lyon. Born into slavery, this preacher and Underground Railroad conductor served as the inspiration for a history-making book. The Igbo writer wrote honestly about the brutality of his experience—and of the Christian faith that sustained him. Philipp Jakob Spener. Browse All Articles by Era.
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